Interstitial cystitis, defined by the National Observatory of Italian Incontinence as chronic pelvic pain syndrome in case of symptoms radiating to the abdomen, is a chronic multifactorial inflammatory disease caused by bladder that gives rise to pain, urinary urgency and frequency whose triggering cause is still unknown. Although women are affected more often than men, it can affect people of any race, sex and age. The continuous pain located at the level of the pelvis, often accompanied by the absence of a certain diagnosis, can contribute to the onset of stress, depression and anxiety with a notable deterioration of the physical and mental health of the individual.
Classified as a rare disease, it is often difficult to diagnose and has a frequent association with other autoimmune diseases. The specialist doctor will guide the patient towards the most appropriate strategy that, nowadays, provides a physical approach to bladder rehabilitation associated with oral drug therapies with anti-inflammatory action, preferably natural and re-epitalizing, also intravascular, sometimes associated with antidepressants medicines.